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  2. Religion in Culture. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown,Pubs., 1977.
  3. Religion in Culture di Fadwa El Guindi, translated into Italian by Loredana Zichichi. Universita Degli Studi Di Palermo. Facolta di Lettere e Filosofia, 1990.
  4. The Nature of Belief Systems: A Structural Analysis of Zapotec Ritual. Doctoral Dissertation (1972). HRAF Monographs, New Haven, Connecticut: Human Relations Area Files, 1980.
  5. The Myth of Ritual: A Native's Ethnography of Zapotec Life-Crisis Rituals. Tucson, Arizona: University of Arizona Press, 1986.
  6. Veil: Modesty, Privacy, Resistance , 1998.
  7. Veil: Modesty, Privacy, and Resistance, Indonesian Version, 2003
  8. Visual Anthropology: Innovations in Ethnography, Method, and Theory, in press.


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  2. The Internal Structure of the Zapotec Conceptual System. Journal of Symbolic Anthropology l(l):15-34 (1973).
  3. Dialectics in Zapotec Thinking (with H. Selby). In Meaning in Anthropology. Keith Basso & Henry A. Selby, editors. New Mexico: University of New Mexico Press, pp. 181-196 (1976).
  4. The Structural Correlates of Power in Ritual. In The Anthropology of Power. Raymond Fogelson & Richard N. Adams, editors. New York: Academic Press, pp. 229-307 (1977).
  5. Lore and Structure: Todos Santos in the Zapotec System. Journal of Latin American Lore 3(1):3-18 (1977).
  6. Comment on Brideprice Reconsidered, by Gideon M. Kressel. Current Anthropology 18(3):453-454 (1977).
  7. The Angels in the Nile: A Theme in Nubian Ritual. In Nubian Ceremonial Life: Studies in Islamic Syncretism and Cultural Change. John G. Kennedy, editor. Cairo & Berkeley: The American University in Cairo Press & The University of California Press, pp. 104-501 (1978).
  8. Metaphor, Transformation, and Knowledge: From Mind to Social Use. American Ethnologist 6(1):149-155 (1979).
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  10. Reply to Comments on Mathematics in Structural Theory. Current Anthropology 20(4): 782-790 (1979) (with D. Read).
  11. That Symbols `Mean Or Not Mean` Is Not The Question: Reply to Sapir. American Ethnologist 7(1): 187-190 (1980).
  12. On Mathematics in Structural Theory. Current Anthropology 21(3): 389-391 (1980) (with D. Read).
  13. Veiling Infitah with Muslim Ethic: Egypt's Contemporary Islamic Movement. Social Problems 28(4): 465-485 (1981).
  14. Some Methodological Uses of Structural Analysis for Ethnography: Concrete Fieldwork Illustrations. In Proceedings of the Symposium `The Future of Structuralism`. IUAES Intercongress, April 23-25, 1981, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (1981).
  15. Internal and External Constraints on Structure. In The Logic of Culture: Advances in Structural Theory and Methods. Editor, Ino Rossi. New York: J. F. Bergin Pubs., Inc. pp. 176-195 (1982).
  16. The Emerging Islamic Order: The Case of Egypt's Contemporary Islamic Movement. Journal of Arab Affairs 1(2): 245-262 (1982).
  17. Veiled Activism: Egyptian Women in the Islamic Movement. Peuples Mediterranéans (Special Issue: Femmes de la Mediterranée 22-23: 79-89 (1983).
  18. Some Methodological Considerations for Ethnography: Concrete Fieldwork Illustrations. In The Future of Structuralism. Jarich Oosten & Arie de Ruijter, editors. Germany: Edition Herodot, pp. 95-125 (1983).
  19. The Emerging Islamic Order: The Case of Egypt's Contemporary Islamic Movement. Reprinted in Political Behavior in the Arab States. Editor, Tawfic Farah. Colorado: Westview Press, pp. 55-65 (1983).
  20. The Status of Women in Bahrain: Social and Cultural Considerations. In Bahrain and the Gulf: Past Perspectives and Alternative Futures. J. B. Nugent and T. H. Thomas, editors. Sydney: Croom Helm Ltd., pp. 75-95 (1985).
  21. The Egyptian Woman: Trends Today Alternatives Tomorrow. In Women in the World: 1975-1985 The Women's Decade. L. Iglitzin and R. Ross, editors. Santa Barbara, California: Clio Press, pp. 225-242 (1986).
  22. Das islamische Kleid 'al-hidschab'. In Pracht und Geheimnis: Kleidung und Schmuck aus Palastina und Jordanie. G. Volger, K. v. Welck, & K. Hackstein, editors. Koln: Rautenstrauch- Joest-Museum der Stadt Koln, pp.164-167, 1987.
  23. From `Syrian Peddler` to Arab-American: Assimilation vs. Ethnic Consciousness. Journal of American Ethnic History 7 (2): 69-71, 1988.
  24. The Making of El Sebou'. Visual Anthropology I(4): 499-507, 1988.
  25. El Sebou': Film Study Guide. El Nil Research Publication Series 1. Los Angeles: El Nil Research, 1990.
  26. On Making An Ethnographic Film On Egypt: El Sebou': Egyptian Birth Ritual. MERA Forum XIII (1): 11-17, 1990.
  27. Aspects of Arab Gulf Culture And Society. Placentia Library Project: Gulf Arab States, Beyond Camels, Oil, and Sand Dunes. California Council for the Humanities & El Nil Research Publication Series 2. Los Angeles: El Nil Research, 1991.
  28. Charting Content, Freezing Structure:A Methodological Base For Visual Ethnography. Anthropological Film and Video in the 1990s. Jack R. Rollwagen, editor. Brockport, NY: The Institute, Inc., 1993.
  29. El Sebou': Film Study Guide. El Nil Research Publication Series 1. Los Angeles: El Nil Research, revised 1994, 1996.
  30. Mawlids. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, 1995.
  31. Hijab. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, 1995.
  32. Voice of Islam, Experience of Muslims: The Television Series, Review of Living Islam. Anthropology Today 11:1 pp. 24-26, 1995.
  33. Shades of Los Angeles: From Albums to Archives - The Middle Eastern Project. The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs XV (1): 61,104, 1996
  34. From Pictorializing to Visual Anthropology.In Handbook of Methods in Cultural Anthropology. H. Russell Bernard, editor. Altamira Press, Sage Publications. 1998.
  35. Veiling Resistance.  Fashion Theory: The Journal of Dress, Body & Culture 3(1) (in press).
  36. Veiled Men Private Women in Arabo-Islamic Culture.  ISIM Newsletter 4, 6, 2000/
  37. Arab & Muslim America: Emergent Scholarship, New Visibility, Conspicuous Gap in Academe. American Anthropologist, September 2003.
  38. Had it been your face would you leave it as is? Female circumcision among the Nubians of Egypt[i]? In press.


  39. Confronting Hegemony, Resisting Occupation. In Resisting Racism: Global Perspectives. Harrison, Faye, editor (forthcoming)



  40. Review of Kinship and Modernization in Mediterranean Society, edited by J. G. Peristiany. The Center for Mediterranean Studies, 1976. American Anthropologist 79(3):687-688 (1977).
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  42. Review of Beyond the Veil: Male and Female Dynamics in a Modern Muslim Society, Fatima Mernissi. Massachusetts: Schenkman Publishing Company, 1975. Sociology and Social Research 62(3):499-501 (1978).
  43. Review of Aith Waryaghar of the Moroccan Rif: An Ethnography and History, David M. Hart. Viking Fund Publications in Anthropology (55), edited by Colin M. Turnbull. Arizona: The University of Arizona Press, 1976. American Anthropologist 81(4): 936-938 (1979).
  44. Review of Le Prophète et Pharaon: Les Mouvements Islamistes dans l'Egypte Contemporaine, Gilles Kepel. Paris: Editions La Découverte, 1984. International Journal of Middle East Studies 18 (1): 100-104 (1986).
  45. Review of Family in Contemporary Egypt, Andrea B. Rugh. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1984. American Ethnologist.
  46. Review of Dollar, Dove & Eagle: One Hundred Years of Palestinian Migration to Honduras, Nancie L. Gonzalez. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1992. MESA Bulletin 28 (1): 65-66 (1994).
  47. Review of Pomak Portraits: The Women of Breznitsa (43 minutes) and Old Ibrahim's World (41 minutes), two Videos by Asen Balikci, produced 1994, released 1997.  American Anthropologist 101 (4),  2000. (with Andrei Simic).
  48. Review of Middle Eastern Women and the Invisible Economy, Richard A. Lobban,  Jr. Gainesville, FL:University Press of Florida, 1998. American Anthropologist 102 (1), 2000.
  49. Review Essay of Remaking Women: Feminism and Modernity in the Middle East by edited by Lila Abu-Lughod. Princeton: Princeton niversity Press (1998), ix, 300 ppJournal of Political Ecology: Case Studies in History and Society, Volume 6, 1999
  51. .Religious Revival and Islamic Survival in Egypt. International Insight 1(2): 6-10 (1980).
  52. .Is There An Islamic Alternative? The Case of Egypt's Contemporary Islamic Movement. Middle East
                              Insight 1(4): 19-24 (1981).
  53. .Religious Revival and Islamic Survival in Egypt. Reprinted in Middle East Insight 2(1): 31-36 (1981).
  54. .Die Ruckkehr zum Schleier: Vom unaufhaltsamen Siegeszug eins konservativen Symbols. Nahost in
                              Flammen, Der Monat 285: 165-178 (1982).
  55. The Killing of Sadat And After: A Current Assessment of Egypt's Islamic Movement. Middle East Insight
                              2(5):20-27 (1982)
  56. Veiled Activism: Egyptian Women in the Islamic Movement. Reprinted in Egypt Then and Now
                              II(1):21-25 (1984).
  57. The Mood in Egypt: Summer Heat or Revolution ? Middle East Insight 4 (4 & 5): 30-39 (1986).
  58. Images of Domination, Voices of Control. International Documentary: Journal of nonfiction film and
                              video, Spring 1991.
  59. __________. Reprinted in MERA Forum XIV (1): 3, 1991.
  60. __________. Reprinted in CVA Review: Revue de la Commission d'anthropologie visuelle, Spring 1991.
  61. __________. Reprinted in The Arab American Magazine (The Publication of Arab American TV) I(5),
  62. __________. Reprinted as War 'Game' Casts Iraqis as Losers in Media and Values, Fall 1991.
  63. Waging War On Civilization: Report on the Archeology of Mesopotamia. War Crimes: A Report On
                              United States War Crimes Against Iraq. Ramsey Clark, edit. Washington D.C.: Maisonneuve Press,
  64. OP-ED, Los Angeles Times, Feminism Comes of Age in Islam, 1992.
  65. OP-ED, The Atlanta Journal/The Atlanta Constitution (Sunday Edition). Distorted View Shrouds Image of
                              Muslim Women, 1992.
  66. OP-ED, Los Angeles Times, Mubarak Should Call an Election and Step Aside, 1993.
  67. OP-ED, Newsday, UN Should Act to Protect Muslim Women, April 13, 1998
  68. Op=Ed, Pacific News Service, Nobel Choice Sends Message to American Feminists, October 22, 2003.